10 Key Questions of Intelligent Computing

Artificial Intelligence CPU Technology Concept Art

It is hoped that the release of this question will promote cooperation and contribute to the development of human society.

10 basic science questions on smart computing.

“Can machines think?” In his seminal paper “Computing Machinery and Intelligence” published in 1950, Alan Turing raised this very important question for the first time. This launched the new field of Artificial Intelligence (AI), and people’s insatiable curiosity about computers and intelligence.

Human civilization has now entered a new era of intelligence. As computing becomes more and more common, society and all of us are deeply connected to the global computer network and are reaping the benefits of smart computing. Important scientific discoveries and applications based on intelligent computing have emerged in many important areas, such as the solution to protein folding difficulties, the discovery of new antibiotics, and the diagnosis of medical imaging using AI, due to the deep integration of machine intelligence, data, and computing methodologies. The development of civilization has been greatly aided by smart computers, and at the same time, the demand for computers is increasing dramatically.

Many difficult problems need to be solved to meet the growing demand for computing. Computer speed is limited by the traditional art of von Neumann, calculation methods are challenged by big data, integrated power supply is limited by energy consumption, and the use of computing resources is limited by access technology… There are still many problems that need to be tested and solved, for now, sustainable solutions must be found for the future.

Zhejiang Lab and Science together they ask fundamental scientific questions that have an important guiding role in future intelligent computing research. After a series of solicitations, shortlisting, and screening, 10 questions that were found to be the most profound and challenging were put forward by a panel of experts from around the world.

  1. How do we define intelligence and establish a framework for evaluation and standardization of intelligent computing?
  2. Is there a unified theory of analog computing?
  3. Where will the big innovations in computing come from, and they will[{” attribute=””>quantum computing approach the computational power of the human brain?
  4. What new devices will be built (transistors, chip design, and hardware paradigms: photonics, spintronics, biomolecules, carbon nanotubes)?
  5. How could intelligent computing enable intelligent machines?
  6. How can we understand the storage and retrieval of memory based on the digital twin brain?
  7. What is the most efficient path to converge silicon-based and carbon-based learning?
  8. How to build interpretable and efficient AI algorithms?
  9. Can strong intelligent computing with features of self-learning, evolvability, and self-reflection be realized?
  10. How can we use real-world data to discover and generalize knowledge?

The 10 fundamental scientific questions in the field of intelligent computing are presented here in the hope that they will enlighten researchers globally. It is expected that scholars and researchers will engage in lively discussions on these 10 scientific questions, jointly promote potential breakthroughs within the questions and technological advances, and contribute to the development of human society.

Reference: “10 fundamental scientific questions on intelligent computing” 14 October 2022, Science.



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