The last solar eclipse of the year can be seen this Tuesday

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When the Moon passes between the Sun and Earth for the second time this year, it will block most of the light from the Sun and cast its shadow over our planet, resulting in a bright, fiery crescent in the sky. will have the form of

The solar eclipse will take place this Tuesday and will be visible from Greenland, Iceland, most of Europe, northeast Africa, and western and central Asia. It will last for about four hours starting at 5 a.m. ET, or until early afternoon for most of the Eastern Hemisphere.

Since the Sun, Moon and Earth will not be perfectly lined up, it will be a partial eclipse – hence the crescent shape of sunlight, which will be seen peeking out from under the Moon. According to EarthSky, in a maximum eclipse, where there will be the greatest coverage of the Sun, about 86 percent of the Sun will be covered.

During a lunar eclipse, the closest point to Earth in its 27-day orbit, it will be about four days from its perigee, and thus will appear slightly larger than usual.

According to Michael Kirk, principal investigator of NASA’s Heliophysics Education Activation Team, those who can see the eclipse from as close as possible will be able to see the crescent-shaped sun overhead, almost as if it were in the sky. Have been bitten by

“When you go outside and you see a solar eclipse, whether it’s a partial eclipse or a total eclipse, which is really special, you feel like you’re part of this whole celestial dance between the Earth and the Sun and the Moon. “And it gives you a sense of place … it’s where you are in the solar system, which is so vast,” Kirk said.

It is not safe to look at the sun’s rays without protective glasses, even when the sun is mostly covered by the moon. According to the American Astronomical Society, eye protection that meets international standards must be worn to be considered proper “eclipse glasses”.

It is also not advisable to look at the sun through an unfiltered camera, binoculars, binoculars or other optical device, even when using proper glasses.

A solar eclipse always occurs about two weeks before or after a lunar eclipse, when the full moon will enter the Earth’s shadow, giving the moon a reddish hue. This is due to the positioning of the Sun, Moon and Earth, which are almost in a flat plane but have wobbles in their orbits. A solar eclipse occurs when the Sun, Moon and Earth are in a New Moon phase with the Moon. According to Kirk, within two weeks, the Sun, Earth, and full Moon will change positions in their orbits of the Earth and Moon, causing a lunar eclipse.

According to The Old Farmer’s Almanac, exactly two weeks after this upcoming partial solar eclipse, the full moon will be completely eclipsed on November 8. Unlike a solar eclipse, which is only visible in a relatively small area of ​​the world, a lunar eclipse can be seen from anywhere on Earth at night.

Also, unlike a solar eclipse, viewing a lunar eclipse requires no protective equipment.

The next chance to see a solar eclipse won’t be until April 20, 2023, when, according to NASA, a marginal solar eclipse will be visible over Australia, Antarctica and Southeast Asia, and will cause a complete ring of fire around the moon. .

“This partial eclipse is really a preview of next year,” Kirk said. “We’re looking for it to really get us ready and charged up, and talking about annular eclipses.”

While this partial solar eclipse and total lunar eclipse will be the last to see for the rest of 2022, there are other space events to see in the sky this year. According to EarthSky’s 2022 Meteor Shower Guide, two more full moons will occur on Nov. 8 (Beaver Moon) and Dec. 7 (Cold Moon), and there will be five more meteor showers on the calendar.

• November 5: Southern Torridas

• 12 November: Northern Torridas

• November 18: Leonidas

• December 14: Geminids

• December 22: Ursids

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